Fruit tree cut - When do I cut the fruit tree?
- winter pruning
- Spring pruning
- summer pruning
There is no uniform cut for fruit trees. The correct cutting time depends primarily on the growth rhythm of the tree and what should be achieved with it. A cut in late winter or spring stimulates growth the sooner it is cut, the more so. A summer cut, on the other hand, slows growth. Here is an overview of when you should cut fruit trees and the benefits of keeping the right time.
If you pay attention to the right time of your fruit tree cutting and you care about the well-being of your green darlings, also the view on the thermometer plays an important role. The temperatures have a great influence on the healing of the incised cuts or the growth spurt. Depending on the temperatures prevailing, you can do something good for your fruit tree.
Many trees are cut in winter, but there is a lot to consider. Between October and mid-January most fruit trees take a break. If they are cut during this time, they are sensitive to frost. They can not grow and consequently can not close their wounds. The cut shoots dry up and can also freeze further into the wood. Only in May does wound tissue form, until then pathogens can invade unhindered. Only apple trees, where a particularly strong shoot is to be stimulated, can be cut during this time.
It is better to wait for slightly rising temperatures. The juice pressure usually rises in mid-January when the longer frost periods are over. The risk of drying and freezing sinks. The sooner you cut, the more your growth will be stimulated. In cold regions, you should wait with the cut better until mid-February or early March. At temperatures below minus 5 ° C is not cut at all. From late winter to spring, freshly planted young trees, apple and pear trees are cut. Even plums are still in this time window.
- Do not cut between October and mid-January - resting period, wounds will not be closed
- Exception - apple trees, where a particularly strong budding is desired
- Only cut from the end of January or better wait until the middle of February
- Do not cut at frost
- The sooner it is cut, the stronger the shoot
While the robust fruit trees are cut at the end of winter, the more sensitive ones are only on the verge of sprouting or even during flowering. If you cut too early, there is a risk of drying. Cut just before the shoot: fig, mulberry tree and young walnut trees. Nectarine, apricot and peach are cut, at least as young trees, only during flowering. Then it is already clear which shoots have fallen victim to the late frosts. When the parental phase is completed, the last three fruit trees are better cut in the summer (maintenance cut).
- Cut delicate fruit trees just before or during flowering
- Cut fig, mulberry and young walnut trees before sprouting
- Cutting young nectarines, peaches and apricots during flowering
The summer cut has the advantage that the trees do not bleed. The juice pressure is drying up slowly in early summer. Cut from mid-June is the least dangerous for the fruit trees. The wounds stay dry and they are immediately internally sealed off. Often, wound tissue forms at the edges of the interfaces. Adult sweet cherries, peach and walnut trees should only be cut in summer.
An early summer cut (mid-June to early July) promotes the formation of flower buds. They form below the interface. So the flowering is promoted. In addition, the growth of the tree is calmed. The cut also removes a lot of leaves. They are no longer available for the energy production of the tree. Less reserve materials are stored. The next year's release is lacking in energy, and it is somewhat weaker. The summer cut is therefore ideal for fast-growing fruit trees. It is not allowed to cut after mid-September. In addition, it damages the trees when they get interfaces in hot or very dry periods in July or August. Otherwise areas protected by leaves inside are suddenly exposed and it can cause burns.
- In summer cut no bleeding of the trees
- Between mid-June and early July
- Promotes the formation of flower buds
- The growth of the tree is calmed, ideal for fast-growing fruit trees
The cut should keep your fruit tree vital and healthy. If, in addition to the correct cutting time, you also observe the cut shape appropriate to the age of the fruit tree, you will see and taste the difference. Similarly, the choice of the tool is crucial for the health of the tree.
General information about the fruit tree cutting, as well as tips and tricks on cutting forms, cutting techniques and the right tools can be found here: //www.zhonyingli.com/obstbaum-schneiden/